His command of materials is impressive, and the exegetical endnotes are worthy of special attention for the variety of historiographical interpretations they offer. Kaplan, Journal of the Early Republic. His well-documented and readable work effectively distinguishes between independence movements and true revolutions. A nice complement to any academic collection; highly recommended. Langley enables us to see that the knowledge we need to understand our Revolution in context may well be found not in the experiences of France or Russia or China but in the revolutionary travails of our too frequently neglected hemispheric neighbors.
Langley's study is a valuable matrix of events that can help us better understand the relationships in our hemisphere then and now. They will amply repay close study by students of the early modern colonizing process. Greene, The International History Review. Skip to main content. Description Reviews.
This magisterial work is a comparative history of three important revolutions in the Americas: the American Revolution in , the slave revolt in the French colony that became Haiti, and the prolonged Spanish-American struggle for independence that ended a half century later. Lester Langley describes the movements and events that led to these wars of independence, explaining why revolution took one form in one place and a different form in another. Langley examines the political and social tensions reverberating throughout British, French, and Spanish America, pointing out the characteristics that distinguished each upheaval from the others: the impact of place or location on the course of revolution; the dynamics of race and color as well as class; the relation between leaders and followers; the strength of counterrevolutionary movements; and, especially, the way that militarization of society during war affected the new governments in the postrevolutionary era.
Analyze the effects of the French Revolution, Napoleonic invasion, and world economy on Russian absolutism to Analyze relations between the Russian peasantry and land-owning aristocracy and explain the persistence of serfdom in the 19th century. Assess the significance of imperial reforms and popular opposition movements in the later 19th century. Explain why Russia was successful in wars of expansion against the Ottoman empire and other Muslim states. Analyze motives and means of Russian expansion into Siberia and North America.
Explain the advance of British power in India up to and appraise the efforts of Indians to resist European conquest and achieve cultural renewal. Describe patterns of British trade linking India with both China and Europe and assess ways in which Indian farmers and manufacturers responded to world trade.
Compare the British conquest of India with the Dutch penetration of Indonesia and assess the role of indigenous elites under these colonial regimes. Analyze the economic and social consequences of rapid population growth in China. Analyze causes of governmental breakdown and social disintegration in China in the late 18th century.
Analyze why China resisted political contact and trade with Europeans and how the opium trade contributed to European penetration of Chinese markets.
The Americas in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1850
Assess causes and consequences of the midth century Taiping rebellion. Explain the growth of the Chinese diaspora in Southeast Asia and the Americas and assess the role of overseas Chinese in attempts to reform the Qing. Analyze the internal and external causes of the Meiji Restoration. Assess the impact of Western ideas and the role of Confucianism and Shinto traditional values on Japan in the Meiji period.
Explain the transformation of Japan from a hereditary social system to a middle-class society.
Identify major characteristics of 19th-century European nationalism and analyze connections between nationalist ideology and the French Revolution, Romanticism, and liberal reform movements. Analyze causes of the revolutions of and why these revolutions failed to achieve nationalist and democratic objectives.
Describe the unification of Germany and Italy and analyze why these movements succeeded. Assess the importance of nationalism as a source of tension and conflict in the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires. Analyze causes of large-scale migrations from rural areas to cities and how these movements affected the domestic and working lives of men and women.
The Wars at Home
Explain the leading ideas of Karl Marx and analyze the impact of Marxist beliefs and programs on politics, industry, and labor relations in later 19th-century Europe. Analyze interconnections among labor movements, various forms of socialism, and political or social changes in Europe in the second half of the 19th century.
Analyze connections between reform movements and industrialization, democratization, and nationalism. Explain the ways in which Britain, France, and Italy became more broadly liberal and democratic societies in the 19th century. Describe the changing legal and social status of European Jews and the rise of new forms of anti-Semitism.
Explain how expanded educational opportunities and literacy contributed to changes in European society and cultural life. Evaluate major movements in literature, music, and the visual arts and ways in which they expressed or shaped social and cultural values of industrial society. Analyze ways in which trends in philosophy and the new social sciences challenged and shaped dominant social values.
Describe elements of the distinctive working- and middle-class cultures that emerged in industrial Europe. Assess the successes and failures of democracy in Latin American countries in the decades following independence. Assess the consequences of economic development, elite domination and the abolition of slavery for peasants, Indian populations, and immigrant laborers in Latin America.
Analyze how liberal ideology and the expansion of secular education affected legal and political rights for women in various Latin American countries. Assess the effects of foreign intervention and liberal government policies on social and economic change in Mexico. Explain the factors that contributed to nation-building and self-government in Canada. Assess the social significance of the work of scientists, including Maxwell, Darwin, and Pasteur. Explain how new inventions, including the railroad, steamship, telegraph, photography, and internal combustion engine, transformed patterns of global communication, trade, and state power.
Analyze how new machines, fertilizers, transport systems, commercialization, and other developments affected agricultural production in various parts of the world. Analyze factors that transformed the character of cities in various parts of the world.
Explain why migrants left Europe in large numbers in the 19th century and identify temperate regions of the world where they established or expanded frontiers of European settlement. Compare the consequences of encounters between European migrants and indigenous peoples in such regions as the United States, Canada, South Africa, Australia, and Siberia.
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Analyze geographical, political, economic, and epidemiological factors contributing to the success of European colonial settlement in such regions as Argentina, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Algeria, Siberia, Canada, and the United States. Explain leading ideas of Social Darwinism and scientific racism in 19th-century Europe and assess the importance of these ideas in activating European imperial expansion in Africa and Asia.
Describe advances in transportation, medicine, and weapons technology in Europe in the later 19th century and assess the importance of these factors in the success of imperial expansion.
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Analyze the motives that impelled several European powers to undertake imperial expansion against peoples of Africa, Southeast Asia, and China. Relate the Spanish-American War to United States participation in Western imperial expansion in the late 19th century. Assess the effects of the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars and colonization of Korea on the world-power status of Japan. Analyze changes in Indian society and economy under British rule. Explain the social, economic, and intellectual sources of Indian nationalism and analyze reactions of the British government to it.
Analyze how Chinese began to reform government and society after and why revolution broke out in Analyze how the termination of the Atlantic slave trade and increased output of European manufactured goods affected economies of West and Central Africa. Jana Collins rated it liked it Sep 28, Musashi rated it really liked it Nov 02, Bryan Rindfleisch rated it really liked it Nov 20, Clare rated it did not like it Jun 04, Michael S.
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